The effect of kraft mill sludge addition (25 to 75 ton/ha) to soil derived from volcanic ashes (Andisol) on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.cv. Puken) biomass production, and in the nutrient absorption by the plants was evaluated. Respiration activity and seed germination tests were carried out on the soil/sludge mixtures, in order to evaluate possible toxic effects due to the sludge addition to the soil. Soil without sludge was used as a control treatment. The plants were grown in a greenhouse (25 °C, 14 h-photoperiod) during 120 days, then the plants were collected and dried at 65 °C for 72 h for the determination of biomass production (root and aerial) and analyzed for mineral content (Ca, Mg, K and P). The mixtures of soil/sludge showed no toxicity. Seed germination and respiration activity increased with the increment of the sludge. The accumulated CO2 in the soil without sludge was 41.66 mg CO2/100; this value shows a low microbial activity. The biomass increased with the increment of sludge addition to the soil and five times more biomass was obtained when 75 ton/ha sludge was added to the soil. The nutrient absorption efficiency was also improved with the sludge addition.
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Research Article| March 01 2007
Kraft mill sludge to improve vegetal production in Chilean Andisol
Water Sci Technol (2007) 55 (6): 31–37.
F. Gallardo, M.L. Mora, M.C. Diez; Kraft mill sludge to improve vegetal production in Chilean Andisol. Water Sci Technol 1 March 2007; 55 (6): 31–37. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.209
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