In this paper, the feasibility of grey water treatment in a UASB reactor was investigated. The batch recirculation experiments showed that a maximum total-COD removal of 79% can be obtained in grey-water treatment in the UASB reactor. The continuous operational results of a UASB reactor treating grey water at different hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 20, 12 and 8 hours at ambient temperature (14–24 °C) showed that 31–41% of total COD was removed. These results were significantly higher than that achieved by a septic tank (11–14%), the most common system for grey water pre-treatment, at HRT of 2–3 days. The relatively lower removal of total COD in the UASB reactor was mainly due to a higher amount of colloidal COD in the grey water, as compared to that reported in domestic wastewater. The grey water had a limited amount of nitrogen, which was mainly in particulate form (80–90%). The UASB reactor removed 24–36% and 10–24% of total nitrogen and total phosphorus, respectively, in the grey water, due to particulate nutrients removal by physical entrapment and sedimentation. The sludge characteristics of the UASB reactor showed that the system had stable performance and the recommended HRT for the reactor is 12 hours.
Grey water treatment in UASB reactor at ambient temperature
T.A. Elmitwalli, M. Shalabi, C. Wendland, R. Otterpohl; Grey water treatment in UASB reactor at ambient temperature. Water Sci Technol 1 April 2007; 55 (7): 173–180. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.142
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