Reaeration is a central quality parameter for the performance of environmental systems such as ponds receiving urban and road runoff. Tracer gases can be used to measure reaeration rates in these systems. The methods comprise injection of a volatile tracer into an environmental system and subsequently measurement of the emission of the volatile tracer. The physical basis of such methods is the existence of a constant ratio between the air–water mass transfer coefficient for oxygen and the corresponding mass transfer coefficient for the volatile tracer gas. This constant ratio is often not clearly defined in the literature due to difficulties in both experimental procedures and handling of data. In this study such methods are evaluated and an experimental procedure and a corresponding data processing procedure for a general and reliable determination of mass transfer rates are presented. Propane is selected as an example of an appropriate tracer gas and the ratio between the mass transfer coefficients of oxygen and propane is determined.
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Research Article| July 01 2007
Air–water mass transfer and tracer gases in stormwater systems
Water Sci Technol (2007) 56 (1): 267–275.
H.I. Madsen, J. Vollertsen, T. Hvitved-Jacobsen; Air–water mass transfer and tracer gases in stormwater systems. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2007; 56 (1): 267–275. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.461
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