During a 16 months period, the characteristics of the wastewaters generated in a Rias Baixas winery (Spain) producing white wine were determined: The characterization study showed that white wine wastewater had an average CODt and TSS values of 7.3 and 5.2 kg/m3, respectively being the ratio wastewater/wine produced of about 1.6–2.0 L/L and the ratio between load pollution and produced wine of 9.7 kgCODt/m3WINE. A strategy for the management of wastes and wastewaters allowed for an important reduction of a 55% of wastewater generation to be achieved. In order to select a suitable technology for the treatment of wastewaters two configurations were tested at pilot scale: i) An Anaerobic Filter (AF) of 430 L followed by an activated sludge unit of 510 L and: ii) one activated sludge unit of 510 L. The results showed that the anaerobic/aerobic configuration was more flexible as it adapted quickly to the different loads and flows produced during the different phases through the year. Besides it allowed higher COD removals (98.5–99.2%) to be achieved and proved to permit a quicker re-start up after starvation periods.

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