The paper presents results from an experimental and numerical study of wind-induced flows and transportation patterns in highway wet detention ponds. The study presented here is part of a general investigation on road runoff and pollution in respect to wet detention ponds. The objective is to evaluate the quality of long term simulations based on historical rain series of the pollutant discharges from roads and highways. The idea of this paper is to evaluate the effects of wind on the retention time and compare the retention time for the situation of a spatial uniform wind shear stress with the situation of a “real” spatial non-uniform shear stress distribution on the surface of the pond. The result of this paper shows that wind plays a dominant role for the retention time and flow pattern. Furthermore, the results shows that the differences in retention time between the use of uniform and non-uniform wind field distributions are not significant to this study.
Wind effects on retention time in highway ponds
T. R. Bentzen, T. Larsen, M. R. Rasmussen; Wind effects on retention time in highway ponds. Water Sci Technol 1 June 2008; 57 (11): 1713–1720. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2008.267
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