The use of unit area loading approaches to address the requirements of the US Clean Water Act (CWA) and the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) to identify and manage diffuse urban pollution sources is outlined. Issues relating to traditional volume-concentration probabilistic modelling are highlighted and the robustness of total maximum daily load (TMDL) approaches is discussed. A hazard assessment methodology for catchment scale identification of source area pollutant loadings and receiving water ecological impacts is developed based on urban land use activities.
Defining urban diffuse pollution loadings and receiving water hazard
J. B. Ellis, D. M. Revitt; Defining urban diffuse pollution loadings and receiving water hazard. Water Sci Technol 1 June 2008; 57 (11): 1817–1823. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2008.278
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