This paper presents the experiments carried out in a hybrid sequencing batch reactor (HSBR), used for biological treatment of sewage. The HSBR was built in a cylindrical shape and made of stainless steel, with a volume of 1.42 m3. Besides the biomass in suspension, the reactor also carried fixed biomass (hybrid process), adhered in the support material. This consisted of a nylon net disposed in a grille for biofilm biomass adhesion. The reactor worked fully automated in operational cycles of maximum 8 hours each, presenting the following phases: filling, anoxic, aerobic, settle and draw of treated effluent, with 3 fillings per cycle. Increasing organic loads (0.14 to 0.51 kg TCOD/m3 day) and ammonium loads (0.002 to 0.006 kg NH4‐N/m3·day) were tested. We monitored the reactor's performance by measuring the liquid phase (COD, pH, temperature, DO, nitrogen and phosphorus) during the cycles and by measuring the sludge through respirometric tests. The results obtained demonstrated TCOD removal efficiency between 73 and 96%, and ammonium removal efficiency between 50 and 99%. At the end of the cycles, the effluent presented ammonium concentration <20 mg/L, meeting the Brazilian environmental legislation standards (CONAMA 357/2005) regarding discharges into the water bodies. Respirometric tests showed biomass dependency on FCOD concentrations. Results have demonstrated the potential of this type of reactor for decentralized treatment of domestic wastewater.
Utilization of a hybrid sequencing batch reactor (HSBR) as a decentralized system of domestic wastewater treatment
R. H. R. da Costa, V. S. Souto, A. T. S. Prelhaz, L. G. L. Neto, D. B. Wolff; Utilization of a hybrid sequencing batch reactor (HSBR) as a decentralized system of domestic wastewater treatment. Water Sci Technol 1 June 2008; 57 (12): 1951–1956. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2008.318
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