Contemporary technical capabilities allow an operator to easily monitor and control several remote wastewater treatment processes simultaneously but an on-line automatic diagnostic system has not yet been installed. In this paper, an on-line diagnostic system is proposed, designed and implemented for the lab-scale five-stage step-feed Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal plant based upon a learning Bayesian network. In order to practically diagnose wastewater treatment processes, a lab-scale pilot plant was built and the proposed on-line diagnostic method was applied to evaluate the performance of the algorithm. In experimental results, real abnormal conditions occurred 21 times in a three month period. The suggested on-line diagnosis system made correct predictions 14 times and incorrect predictions 7 times. Moreover, a comparison of the prediction results of the Bayesian model and learning Bayesian model clearly show that learning algorithm became more effective as time passed.

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