The effectiveness of a proposed curtain weir to be installed in the transitional zone of a eutrophic reservoir located in monsoon areas on the control of algal blooms in the lacustrine zone where drinking water withdrawals occur was assessed with various hydrodynamic flow regimes. A two-dimensional hydrodynamic and eutrophication model that can accommodate vertical displacement of the weir following the water surface changes was developed and validated using field data obtained from two distinctive hydrological years; drought (2001) and wet (2004). The model adequately reproduced the temporal and spatial variations of temperature, nutrients and phytoplankton concentrations in the reservoir. The efficacy of the curtain weir method found to be diverse for different hydrological conditions and dependent on the inflow densimetric Froude number (Fri). Algal blooming was considerably mitigated by curtailing the transport of nutrients and algae from riverine zone to lacustrine epilimnion zone during the drought year as long as Fri<1.0. However, some flood events with Fri>1.0 transported nutrients and algae built upstream of the weir into the downstream euphotic zone by strong entrainments in 2004. Numerical experiments revealed that the efficiency of the weir on the control of algal blooming becomes marginal if the Fri>3.0.

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