Accurate simulation of the surf zone is a prerequisite to improve beach management as well as to understand the fundamentals of fate and transport of contaminants. In the present study, a diagnostic model modified from a classic solute model is provided to illuminate non-conservative pollutants behavior in the surf zone. To readily understand controlling processes in the surf zone, a new dimensionless quantity is employed with index of kappa number (K, a ratio of inactivation rate to transport rate of microbial pollutant in the surf zone), which was then evaluated under different environmental frames during a week simulation period. The sensitivity analysis showed that hydrodynamics and concentration gradients in the surf zone mostly depend on n (number of rip currents), indicating that n should be carefully adjusted in the model. The simulation results reveal, furthermore, that large deviation typically occurs in the daytime, signifying inactivation of fecal indicator bacteria is the main process to control surf zone water quality during the day. Overall, the analytical model shows a good agreement between predicted and synthetic data (R2=0.51 and 0.67 for FC and ENT, respectively) for the simulated period, amplifying its potential use in the surf zone modelling. It is recommended that when the dimensionless index is much larger than 0.5, the present modified model can predict better than the conventional model, but if index is smaller than 0.5, the conventional model is more efficient with respect to time and cost.
Research Article|June 01 2009
An analytical model for non-conservative pollutants mixing in the surf zone
Seo Jin Ki
Jin Hwan Hwang
Joon Ha Kim
Joon Ha Kim
1Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Gwangju 500-712, South Korea
3Sustainable Water Resource Technology Center, GIST, Gwangju 500-712, South Korea
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Water Sci Technol (2009) 59 (11): 2117-2124.
Seo Jin Ki, Jin Hwan Hwang, Joo-Hyon Kang, Joon Ha Kim; An analytical model for non-conservative pollutants mixing in the surf zone. Water Sci Technol 1 June 2009; 59 (11): 2117–2124. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.231
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