Wastewater from car washes represents a potential problem for the sewer system due to its emulsified oils and suspended material. Treatment of wastewater discharged from four car washes was investigated by sedimentation and coagulation. The effect of the coagulants Servical P (aluminium hydroxychloride), Servican 50 (poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)), aluminium sulfate and ferric chloride was evaluated. The achieved removal using sedimentation was of 82%, 88% 73% and 51% for oils, total suspended solids, COD, and turbidity, respectively. In the treatment by coagulation we achieved average efficiencies nearly to 74% for COD removal, greater than 88% in the case of total suspended solids removal and 92% in the case of turbidity and except the performance of Servican 50 greater than 90% in oil removal. We concluded that the oil residual concentration and COD in the treated water allows pouring it in the sewer system complying with the limits of the Mexican rule NOM-002-ECOL-1996 and it is possible even its reuse, at least in the case of the chassis washing of cars.
Research Article|June 01 2009
Pollutant removal from oily wastewater discharged from car washes through sedimentation–coagulation
Water Sci Technol (2009) 59 (12): 2359-2369.
H. Rubí, C. Fall, R. E. Ortega; Pollutant removal from oily wastewater discharged from car washes through sedimentation–coagulation. Water Sci Technol 1 June 2009; 59 (12): 2359–2369. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.307
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