This paper discusses H2S, NH3 and VOCs removal by sewage-sludge-derived materials with outstanding chemical and textural properties. These materials were obtained from different precursors using different chemical and thermal treatments. Results show that the H2S removal process entailed a catalytic conversion of H2S to S or SO42− species. On the other hand, adsorption is the main mechanism governing the performance of sludge-based materials for NH3 and VOCs. Retention capacities (x/M values) obtained for some of the sludge–based adsorbents/catalysts are similar to those obtained with commercial activated carbons selected as reference materials.

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