In urban drainage modelling long term extreme statistics has become an important basis for decision-making e.g. in connection with renovation projects. Therefore it is of great importance to minimize the uncertainties with regards to long term prediction of maximum water levels and combined sewer overflow (CSO) in drainage systems. These uncertainties originate from large uncertainties regarding rainfall inputs, parameters, and assessment of return periods. This paper investigates how the choice of rainfall time series influences the extreme events statistics of max water levels in manholes and CSO volumes. Traditionally, long term rainfall series, from a local rain gauge, are unavailable. In the present case study, however, long and local rain series are available. 2 rainfall gauges have recorded events for approximately 9 years at 2 locations within the catchment. Beside these 2 gauges another 7 gauges are located at a distance of max 20 kilometers from the catchment. All gauges are included in the Danish national rain gauge system which was launched in 1976. The paper describes to what extent the extreme events statistics based on these 9 series diverge from each other and how this diversity can be handled, e.g. by introducing an “averaging procedure” based on the variability within the set of statistics. All simulations are performed by means of the MOUSE LTS model.
To what extent does variability of historical rainfall series influence extreme event statistics of sewer system surcharge and overflows?
K. Schaarup-Jensen, M. R. Rasmussen, S. Thorndahl; To what extent does variability of historical rainfall series influence extreme event statistics of sewer system surcharge and overflows?. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2009; 60 (1): 87–95. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.290
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