The introduction of the rights-based approach to International Development has presented a new set of challenges to those working for the water and sanitation sectors in developing countries. This introduction of this additional pressure on both State and Non-State Actors working in the field has necessitated an overhaul of the existing needs based responses. The engineering solutions and intermediate technology currently available often fail to address the complex requirements of the recipients. This study addresses the change that is required and suggests an integrated engineering approach that will be capable of responding accurately to the requirements of the beneficiary. It proposes an ‘integrated method’, a way of combining technology, community participation and education.

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