As part of the efforts done to introduce the practice of modeling in Latin America, this research carried out at the North-East WWTP of Monterrey represents the first comprehensive modeling case in Mexico. The main objective was to reproduce the organic carbon removal and sludge production rates of the plant, based on ASM1. Different intermediate studies were performed prior to the calibration of the model: influent characterization, tracer tests and hydraulics modeling, sludge settling tests and respirometry. Two fractionation methods (STOWA protocol and Influent-advisor) were compared, showing no equivalent patterns. A stepwise sequence of calibration was developed and successfully applied. The hydraulics of the reactors at the plant was reproduced by use of a series of 3 to 5 CSTRs. The waste and return activated sludge flowrates (QWAS and QRAS) were corrected based on the inorganic and total suspended solids mass balances. The Vesilind settling constants were measured (Vo and rhind), while the flocculent zone settling parameter (rfloc) was adjusted to calibrate the secondary clarifier. In ASM1, the adjusted parameters were the COD soluble inert fraction (frSI) and the particulate substrate fraction (FrXS). All other ASM1 parameters were kept at their default values. The steady-state calibrated model (in GPS-X) adequately described the quality of the effluent (carbon and nitrogen) as well as the sludge composition (M. Liquor and WAS). This case study provides voluntarily detailed data to allow its wide use for training and teaching purposes.
Full activated sludge model no. 1 calibration experience at a medium-size WWTP in Mexico
C. Fall, J. Loaiza-Navia, M. Esparza-Soto; Full activated sludge model no. 1 calibration experience at a medium-size WWTP in Mexico. Water Sci Technol 1 December 2009; 60 (12): 3069–3082. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.747
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