An air micro-bubble bioreactor (AMBB) using a free self-adapted microbial population, 15 dm3 working volume, was used for aerobic treatment of winery wastewater. This reactor utilizes a Venturi injector in conjunction with mass transfer multiplier nozzles, which allow an efficient oxygen transfer. The reactor can operate in batch or continuous conditions. The dynamics of chemical oxygen demand (COD), biomass and total contents of polyphenolic compounds was followed throughout each trial. The wastewater COD ranged between 4.0–8.0 kg COD m−3 and the efficiency of the batch treatment was about 90.0±4.3%, after 6 days of operation. The maximum efficiency obtained was achieved after 15 days of treatment (99%). In continuous conditions, the loading rate and the treatment efficiency ranged between 0.45–1.00 kg COD m−3 d−1 and 93.3±2.0%, respectively. The AMBB hydraulic retention time was 15 days. To assess the suitability of treated water in relation to vineyard irrigation, the effluent was physico-chemical analysed and direct toxicity bioassays with effluent matrix were carried out using Lepidium sativum L. seeds. The results showed the water quality required to be reutilised minimizing water consumption. This study will contribute for the implementation of an efficient water use plan, aiming the preservation of the water resource and the reduction of the wastewater production.
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Research Article| May 01 2009
Aerobic treatment of winery wastewater with the aim of water reuse
1Department of Environmental and Agricultural Chemistry, High Institute of Agronomy, Technical University of Lisbon, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisbon, Portugal
2Department of Chemistry, Agronomy Superior School, Polytechnical High Institute of Santarém, Quinta do Galinheiro, São Pedro, 2001-904 Santarém, Portugal
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Water Sci Technol (2009) 60 (5): 1217–1223.
M. Oliveira, C. Queda, E. Duarte; Aerobic treatment of winery wastewater with the aim of water reuse. Water Sci Technol 1 May 2009; 60 (5): 1217–1223. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.558
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