For the removal of iron from groundwater, aeration followed with rapid (sand) filtration is frequently applied. Iron removal in this process is achieved through oxidation of Fe2 + in aqueous solution followed by floc formation as well as adsorption of Fe2 + onto the filter media. The rate of oxidation of the adsorbed Fe2 + on the filter media plays an important role in this removal process. This study focuses on investigating the effect of pH on the rate of oxidation of adsorbed Fe2 + . Fe2 + has been adsorbed, under anoxic conditions, on iron oxide coated sand (IOCS) in a short filter column and subsequently oxidized by feeding the column with aerated water. Ferrous ions adsorbed at pH 5, 6, 7 and 8 demonstrated consumption of oxygen, when aerated water was fed into the column. The oxygen uptake at pH 7 and 8 was faster than at pH 5 and 6. However the difference was less pronounced than expected. The difference is attributed to the pH buffering effect of the IOCS. At feedwater pH 5, 6 and 7 the pH in the effluent was higher than in the influent, while a pH drop should occur because of oxidation of adsorbed Fe2 + . At pH 8, the pH dropped. These phenomena are attributed to the presence of calcium and /or ferrous carbonate in IOCS.
Research Article|November 01 2009
Oxidation of adsorbed ferrous iron: kinetics and influence of process conditions
1Department of Municipal Water and Infrastructure, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, P.O. Box 3015, 2601 DA, Delft, The Netherlands
2Water Resources and Environmental Sanitation, Department of Civil Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
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Water Sci Technol (2009) 60 (9): 2353-2363.
R. Buamah, B. Petrusevski, J. C. Schippers; Oxidation of adsorbed ferrous iron: kinetics and influence of process conditions. Water Sci Technol 1 November 2009; 60 (9): 2353–2363. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.597
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