The aggregation efficiency of colloidal kaolin particles by the turbulence caused by random movement of silica gel beads in a cylindrical (CFB) and an 8° conical fluidized bed (TFB) was studied in this paper, focusing on the control strategies of these novel processes. The abatement efficiencies as a function of the Camp number, velocity gradient (G) and flocculation time (T) were exploited. In general, the abatement efficiency tended to be improved with the increase of Camp number (in the study range of this work: Camp number lower than 8058 and 5639 in CFB and TFB, respectively). However, the efficiency was relatively low and sensitive to the Camp number as G was more than 186 s−1 in CFB and 178 s−1 in TFB, respectively. Whereas, increasing flocculation time clearly contributed to the improvement of the abatement efficiency, which is considered to be an effective strategy to enhance the treatment ability. Velocity gradient and flocculation time could be controlled by means of superficial liquid velocity and properties of packing particles. It should be noted that the backmixing in the TFB caused formed flocs to break and thus lower abatement efficiencies were found in the TFB than those in the CFB.

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