Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination has been recognized as a promising method to solve the water shortage problem. Nevertheless, since it is energy intensive and has many problems associated with biofouling/fouling of RO membranes in RO plants, its commercial acceptance is still slow. Especially, as high levels of oxidizing agents negatively affect RO membrane efficiency and life span. So, there is a need to develop sensitive, selective, portable and rapid methods to determine oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) in feed solution. For developing a polymer ORP lab-on-a- chip (LOC), a microchannel patterned on a polymer substrate was successfully filled with 800 nm diameter silica beads using self-assembly bead packing technology. The measured ORPs using the three kinds of redox potential solutions were typically slightly lower than those of the nominal redox potential. But, all of the measurements should be deemed acceptable. The ORP LOC has also a much shorter response time than the conventional potentiometric sensor.
Development of polymer lab-on-a-chip (LOC) for oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) measurement
A. Jang, K. K. Lee, P. L. Bishop, I. S. Kim, C. H. Ahn; Development of polymer lab-on-a-chip (LOC) for oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) measurement. Water Sci Technol 1 May 2011; 63 (10): 2309–2315. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2011.645
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