Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)/polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) blend hollow fiber membranes were successfully prepared by the wet-spinning method with the loading of PMMA and TPU in a range of polymer concentrations varying from 0 to 20 wt% and at a total polymer concentration of 16 wt%. The influence of the addition of PMMA and TPU on the morphologies and the properties of such prepared membranes was investigated through FTIR-ATR, SEM, viscosity measurements, UF experiments and mechanical strength tests. Based on the experimental results, the compatibility of the PVDF, PMMA and TPU blend was best under the conditions of the PVDF-rich phase. The elongation at break of the membrane increased to a maximum of 146% with increase in the TPU concentration to 20 wt% in dope solution. The addition of PMMA increased the water permeation flux from 120 to 195 L/(m2 h) initially. The flux then decreased when PMMA concentration was increased to over 10 wt%. The membranes obtained at optimized blending ratio were applied to the dyeing process wastewater filtration. During continuous filtration for 8 h, the flux was stabilized at about 20 L/(m2 h) at 0.1 MPa. The reduction in CODCr, turbidity and color were about 63, 84 and 63% respectively.
Preparation, characterization and performance of a novel PVDF/PMMA/TPU blend hollow fiber membrane for wastewater treatment
C. Y. Ma, J. P. Huang, D. L. Xi; Preparation, characterization and performance of a novel PVDF/PMMA/TPU blend hollow fiber membrane for wastewater treatment. Water Sci Technol 1 March 2012; 65 (6): 1041–1047. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.930
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