Subsurface arsenic and iron removal (SAR/SIR) is a novel technology to remove arsenic, iron and other groundwater components by using the subsoil. This research project investigated the influence of the groundwater composition on subsurface treatment. In anoxic sand column experiments, with synthetic groundwater and virgin sand, it was found that several dissolved substances in groundwater compete for adsorption sites with arsenic and iron. The presence of 0.01 mmol L−1 phosphate, 0.2 mmol L−1 silicate, and 1 mmol L−1 nitrate greatly reduced the efficiency of SAR, illustrating the vulnerability of this technology in diverse geochemical settings. SIR was not as sensitive to other inorganic groundwater compounds, though iron retardation was limited by 1.2 mmol L−1 calcium and 0.06 mmol L−1 manganese.
Influence of groundwater composition on subsurface iron and arsenic removal
D. H. Moed, D. van Halem, J. Q. J. C. Verberk, G. L. Amy, J. C. van Dijk; Influence of groundwater composition on subsurface iron and arsenic removal. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2012; 66 (1): 173–178. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.151
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