Sludge properties have a strong impact on the operational aspects of membrane bioreactors (MBRs). Poor sludge properties cause stronger membrane fouling and reduce the filtration performance of MBRs. Up to now there is no general method used to measure the fouling or filtration relevant sludge properties in MBRs. The aim of this work was to develop a simple but reliable method to supply operators a tool to monitor the important sludge properties for their application and to compare this method with existing techniques. Through extensive research a new method called the sludge filtration index (SFI) has been developed to indicate the appropriate sludge parameters for MBR systems in a cheap and easy manner. The SFI can be measured with simple laboratory equipment and offers operators a powerful tool to monitor the conditions of their sludge, independent of the membrane conditions.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.