A new type of poly(vinylidene fluoride)(PVDF)–SiO2 hybrid anion-exchange membrane was prepared by blending method. The anion-exchange groups were introduced by the reaction of epoxy groups with trimethylamine (TMA). Contact angle between water and the membrane surface was measured to characterize the hydrophilicity change of the membrane surface. The effects of nano-sized SiO2 particles in the membrane-forming materials on the membrane mechanical properties and conductivity were also investigated. The experimental results indicated that PVDF–SiO2 anion-exchange membranes exhibited better water content, ion-exchange capacity, conductivity and mechanic properties, and so may find potential applications in alkaline membrane fuel cells and water treatment processes.
Fundamental characteristics study of anion-exchange PVDF–SiO2 membranes
Xingtao Zuo, Wenxin Shi, Shuili Yu, Jiajie He; Fundamental characteristics study of anion-exchange PVDF–SiO2 membranes. Water Sci Technol 1 December 2012; 66 (11): 2343–2348. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.464
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