An improved drop-sphere-forming (IDSF) method was applied to synthesise chitosan resin. Chitosan resin was synthesised by the self-made device and cross-linked with epichlorohydrin. The influences of concentration of chitosan–acetic acid solution, air flow, reaction time and the dosage of epichlorohydrin were investigated during synthesising. The satisfactory chitosan particles were prepared by chitosan–acetic acid solution (3%) under a controlled air flow of 0.6 m3 h−1, After 6 h of reaction at 80 °C with an epichlorohydrin dosage of 2 mL per 5 mL wet resin, the chitosan cross-linked resin has the best adsorption capacity. After 2 h of adsorption at pH = 3.0 and 25 °C with an adsorbent dosage of 2 g L−1, the maximum adsorption capacity (112 mg g−1) was reached for an initial Cr(VI) concentration of 146 mg L−1. Compared with other adsorbents, this synthesis method was simple and economic; moreover, the cross-linked chitosan resin can remove Cr(VI) efficiently.
Chitosan resins synthesised by improved drop-sphere-forming method for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions
Shunyi Li, Zhenjun Wu, Bin Li, Rencheng Zhu, Yan Wang; Chitosan resins synthesised by improved drop-sphere-forming method for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions. Water Sci Technol 1 December 2012; 66 (11): 2461–2467. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.437
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