The electrochemical oxidation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) in aqueous solution was studied by electrochemical oxidation using modified PbO2 electrode as anode. The influence of several operating parameters, such as initial 4-CP concentration, applied current density, and supporting electrolyte (Na2SO4) concentration was investigated. Ultraviolet spectroscopy and total organic carbon (TOC) measurements were conducted to study the kinetics of 4-CP electrochemical reaction and the mineralization efficiency of 4-CP. The experimental results showed that the 4-CP degradation always followed a pseudo-first-order kinetics. The higher mineralization of 4-CP and the lower current efficiency (CE) were obtained by the lower initial 4-CP concentration. The applied current density showed a positive influence on the degradation of 4-CP and the removal of TOC, but a higher applied current density led to a lower CE. Although Na2SO4 concentration of 0.05 M resulted in a higher 4-CP and TOC removal, the result of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicates that Na2SO4 concentration is not the significant parameter for 4-CP removal in electrochemical oxidation.
Electrochemical degradation of 4-chlorophenol in aqueous solution using modified PbO2 anode
X. Y. Duan, F. Ma, L. M. Chang; Electrochemical degradation of 4-chlorophenol in aqueous solution using modified PbO2 anode. Water Sci Technol 1 December 2012; 66 (11): 2468–2474. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.440
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