The goal of this work was to utilize rice husk silica (RHS) and porous materials synthesized with RHS, including mesoporous material (MCM-41) and microporous materials (zeolite NaY and NaBEA), for adsorption of herbicide paraquat. The adsorption occurred although cation exchange and the capacity decreased in the following order: NaY > NaBEA > MCM-41 > RHS, consistent with the amount of Al. The adsorption on all adsorbents fitted well with the Langmuir model and the maximum adsorption capacity of 185.2 mg/g-adsorbent was obtained on NaY. In addition, blue dye in commercial grade paraquat did not interfere with paraquat adsorption. Although MCM-41 was the most efficient adsorbent for the blue dye, RHS was favorable in terms of production cost. A mixture of NaY and RHS is recommended for simultaneous adsorption of paraquat and blue dye.
Paraquat adsorption on porous materials synthesized from rice husk silica
Wina Rongchapo, Onsulang Sophiphun, Kamolwan Rintramee, Sanchai Prayoonpokarach, Jatuporn Wittayakun; Paraquat adsorption on porous materials synthesized from rice husk silica. Water Sci Technol 1 August 2013; 68 (4): 863–869. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2013.311
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