In this study, the electricity generation and organic removal in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) were examined for electrode spacing (ES) covering 5.8, 10.2, 15.1, and 19.5 cm, and for each ES the MFCs were discharged with a series of influent substrates (CODin). Results indicate that organic removal was related to CODin but not to ES. Best chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals of 64–71% could be achieved at CODin around 100 mg COD/L (0.11–0.14 kg COD/m3-day). Best power output 3.32 mW/m2 occurred at ES 5.8 cm and nominal CODin 300 mg COD/L. For every ES, the relationship of electricity generation to local substrate near anode (CODad) could be adequately modeled by Monod-type kinetics. The estimated kinetic constants involve maximum current production, Imax, 15.3–19.6 mA/m2; maximum attainable power output, Pp,max, 4.0–2.5 mW/m2; half-saturation constant of current, Ksi, 22–30 mg COD/L; and half-saturation constant of power, Ksp, 24–90 mg COD/L. This study reveals that the control over ES for improving electricity generation is dependent on the level of CODad, which profoundly affects the optimal design of electrode placement.

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