This paper focuses on the opportunities for using electronic noses for odour exposure assessment purposes, especially in cases where dispersion modelling is not applicable. Such cases include, for instance, those sources where a detailed characterisation and quantification of the odour emissions for every hour of the simulation time domain is particularly difficult, due to the nature of the source or to the variability of the emissions over time. In such situations, it is useful to determine odour exposure directly at receptors instead. This paper critically discusses the state of the art of electronic nose technology as far as its application to the determination of odour exposure at receptors is concerned. One example of electronic nose application to the monitoring of odours from an Italian municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill is reported, in order to discuss the instrument's potential and limits. The monitoring results are represented by the number of measures that are classified in a specific olfactory class; this information allows the odour exposure at each monitoring site in terms of odour detection frequency to be determined. Besides a quantification of the odour episodes, electronic noses allowed the identification of the landfill gas as the monitored landfill major odour source.

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