Unexpected flash flooding is one of the periodic hydrological problems affecting the city of Tabuk in Saudi Arabia. The region has high potential for floods as it suffers high rainfall intensity in a short time and also has high urbanization rates and topographic complexity. Constructing flood prevention dams is one option to solve this problem. A cost-effective design requires a detailed feasibility study and analysis for the selection of suitable sites. The aim of this study was to develop a method for selecting a suitable site for flood protection dams in the Abu Saba'a district, the most affected part of the city of Tabuk during the flash flood in January 2013. Spatial analysis was applied using Landsat Thematic Mapper images and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission digital elevation model to select a site in the Abu Saba'a area. A simple model using ArcGIS was built including all suggested parameters. The results showed the best site for a dam was 2 km distance backfrom the area, where all parameter values matched. The results showed that the dynamic properties of land cover can affect site selection. It is therefore suggested that more field and hydrological data should be gathered for greater accuracy.
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Research Article| July 25 2016
Flood prevention dams for arid regions at a micro-scale sub-catchment, case study: Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
1Civil Engineering Department, Sohar University, Sohar, Oman
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Water Sci Technol (2016) 74 (11): 2523–2533.
January 08 2016
July 01 2016
Eyad Abushandi; Flood prevention dams for arid regions at a micro-scale sub-catchment, case study: Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Water Sci Technol 14 December 2016; 74 (11): 2523–2533. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2016.341
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