Hydrodynamic separators (HDSs) have been used extensively to reduce stormwater pollutants from urbanized areas before entering the receiving water bodies. They primarily remove particulates and associated pollutants using gravity settling. Two types of HDSs with different structural configurations of the inner vortex-inducing components were presented in this study. One configuration consisted of a dip cylindrical plate with a center shaft while the other one has a hollow screen inside. With the help of computational fluid dynamics, the performance of these different types of HDSs have been evaluated and comparatively analyzed. The results showed that the particle removal efficiency was better with the cylindrical plate type HDSs than the screen type HDSs because of the larger swirling flow regime formed inside the device. Plate type HDSs were found more effective in removing fine particles (∼50 μm) than the screen type HDSs that were only efficient in removing large particles (≥250 μm). Structural improvements in a HDS such as increase in diameter and angle of the inlet pipe can enhance the removal efficiencies by up to 20% for plate type HDS while increase in the screen diameter can increase removal efficiencies of the screen type HDS.

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