Currently widespread in new urban projects, green roofs have shown a positive impact on urban runoff at the building scale: decrease and slow-down of the peak discharge, and decrease of runoff volume. The present work aims to study their possible impact at the catchment scale, more compatible with stormwater management issues. For this purpose, a specific module dedicated to simulating the hydrological behaviour of a green roof has been developed in the distributed rainfall–runoff model (Multi-Hydro). It has been applied on a French urban catchment where most of the building roofs are flat and assumed to accept the implementation of a green roof. Catchment responses to several rainfall events covering a wide range of meteorological situations have been simulated. The simulation results show green roofs can significantly reduce runoff volume and the magnitude of peak discharge (up to 80%) depending on the rainfall event and initial saturation of the substrate. Additional tests have been made to assess the susceptibility of this response regarding both spatial distributions of green roofs and precipitation. It appears that the total area of greened roofs is more important than their locations. On the other hand, peak discharge reduction seems to be clearly dependent on spatial distribution of precipitation.
Toward an operational tool to simulate green roof hydrological impact at the basin scale: a new version of the distributed rainfall–runoff model Multi-Hydro
Pierre-Antoine Versini, Auguste Gires, Ioulia Tchinguirinskaia, Daniel Schertzer; Toward an operational tool to simulate green roof hydrological impact at the basin scale: a new version of the distributed rainfall–runoff model Multi-Hydro. Water Sci Technol 28 October 2016; 74 (8): 1845–1854. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2016.310
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