Fe0 nanoparticles have been widely studied for pollution abatement in recent years; however, regarding the mechanism for pollutant degradation, studies have mainly focused on the reductive dechlorination by Fe0, and the dynamic process has not been clarified completely. As reported, some organics could be degraded during the oxidation of Fe0 by O2, and hydrogen peroxide was supposed to be produced. In this study, Fe3O4, an oxidation product of Fe0, was used to treat the pollutant combining with Fe0 nanoparticles, and 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) was used as the model pollutant. The results showed that the addition of Fe3O4 nanoparticles hindered the removal of 4-CP by Fe0 nanoparticles under anoxic conditions. However, the dechlorination efficiency was improved in the initial 6 h. Under aerobic conditions, the reused Fe3O4 nanoparticles would improve the removal and dechlorination of 4-CP. Especially, the dechlorination efficiency was obviously increased. It is proposed that the removal of 4-CP was due to the effects of both nanosized Fe0 and Fe3O4 – reducing action of Fe0 and catalytic oxidation action of Fe3O4. The reducing action of Fe0 was the major factor under anoxic conditions. And the catalytic oxidation action of Fe3O4 became an important reason under aerobic conditions.

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