Manure represents an exquisite mining opportunity for nutrient recovery (nitrogen and phosphorus), and for their reuse as renewable fertilisers. The ManureEcoMine proposes an integrated approach of technologies, operated in a pilot-scale installation treating swine manure (83.7%) and Ecofrit® (16.3%), a mix of vegetable residues. Thermophilic anaerobic digestion was performed for 150 days, the final organic loading rate was 4.6 kgCOD m−3 d−1, with a biogas production rate of 1.4 Nm3 m−3 d−1. The digester was coupled to an ammonia side-stream stripping column and a scrubbing unit for free ammonia inhibition reduction in the digester, and nitrogen recovery as ammonium sulphate. The stripped digestate was recirculated daily in the digester for 15 days (68% of the digester volume), increasing the gas production rate by 27%. Following a decanter centrifuge, the digestate liquid fraction was treated with an ultrafiltration membrane. The filtrate was fed into a struvite reactor, with a phosphorus recovery efficiency of 83% (as orthophosphate). Acidification of digestate could increment the soluble orthophosphate concentration up to four times, enhancing phosphorus enrichment in the liquid fraction and its recovery via struvite. A synergistic combination of manure processing steps was demonstrated to be technologically feasible to upgrade livestock waste into refined, concentrated fertilisers.
The ManureEcoMine pilot installation: advanced integration of technologies for the management of organics and nutrients in livestock waste
Cristina Pintucci, Marta Carballa, Sam Varga, Jimena Sarli, Lai Peng, Johannes Bousek, Chiara Pedizzi, Maël Ruscalleda, Elena Tarragó, Delphine Prat, Giovanni Colica, Merijn Picavet, Joop Colsen, Oscar Benito, Marilos Balaguer, Sebastià Puig, Juan M. Lema, Jesús Colprim, Werner Fuchs, Siegfried E. Vlaeminck; The ManureEcoMine pilot installation: advanced integration of technologies for the management of organics and nutrients in livestock waste. Water Sci Technol 23 March 2017; 75 (6): 1281–1293. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2016.559
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