The objective of this study was to assess total concentration and chemical fractionation of trace metals in the industrial wastewater and sludge collected from seven different types of industries in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. The sludge from industries is either dumped on landfills or reused as secondary resources in order to preserve natural resources. Metals were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The ranges of Cr, Ni, Cu, As, Cd, and Pb in the sludges were 1.4–9,470, 4.8–994, 12.8–444, 2.2–224, 1.9–46.0 and 1.3–87.0 mg/kg, respectively. As a whole, the average concentrations of trace metals in samples were in the decreasing order of Cr > Ni > Cu > As > Pb > Cd. The results of the Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) sequential extraction showed that the studied metals were predominantly associated with the residual fraction followed by the oxidizable fraction. The study revealed that the mobile fractions of trace metals are poorly predictable from the total content, and bioavailability of all fractions of elements tends to decrease.
Chemical speciation of trace metals in the industrial sludge of Dhaka City, Bangladesh
Md. Saiful Islam, Md. Habibullah Al-Mamun, Ye Feng, Masahiro Tokumura, Shigeki Masunaga; Chemical speciation of trace metals in the industrial sludge of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Water Sci Technol 20 July 2017; 76 (2): 256–267. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2017.187
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