Influence of aeration rate and COD:N:P (C:N:P) ratio on the performance of an upflow partially aerated submerged fixed film (UP/ASFF) bioreactor for simultaneous carbon and nutrient removal from high-strength nitrogen wastewater was investigated during 6 months. Airflow rates at three levels of 1.5, 3, and 4.5 L/min and C:N:P ratios at four levels of 450:300:10, 450:150:10, 450:100:10, and 450:75:10 were selected as the two main input factors. All experiments were performed at constant chemical oxygen demand (COD), phosphorus (P) and hydraulic residence time of 450 mg COD/L, 10 mg PO43− -P/L and 7.3 h, respectively. The results showed when the airflow rate increased from 1.5 to 4.5 L/min, complete COD removal was achieved. At an airflow rate of 4.5 L/min, total nitrogen removal reached a maximum value of 75% for the C:N:P ratio of 450:75:10. A maximum value of 54% for total phosphorus removal, however, was obtained at an airflow rate of 3 L/min for the C:N:P ratio of 450:75:10. Analysis of variance for the obtained data revealed that aeration rate and nitrogen concentration had more impact on phosphorus removal than COD and nitrogen removal. The study demonstrated that the UP/ASFF system has considerable potential for use in simultaneous removal of carbon and nutrients for high-strength nitrogen wastewater.

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