Geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing techniques are used as a decision support system to identify potential soil aquifer treatment (SAT) sites for groundwater recharge of Kerman aquifer, which is located in the southeast of Iran. These sites are identified using a single-objective multi-criteria analysis. To ensure technical feasibility, environmental sustainability, social acceptability and economical viability a number of criteria are considered for the site selection. The criteria selected for the different variables and acceptable ranges are based on standards published in national and international guidelines and technical documents. Multi-criteria evaluation was performed combining all produced thematic maps by means of the weighted index overlay method in order to select sites meeting all the criteria. The resulting map of this analysis shows potential sites are located in the north, southwest and southeast of the study area. Considering field observations, a potential site, which is located in the southwest of the study area, is proposed as the most suitable site for SAT. The result indicates that the study area has sufficient required suitable space for groundwater recharge with treated wastewater.
Multi-criteria analysis of site selection for groundwater recharge with treated municipal wastewater
Mohammad Mehdi Ahmadi, Hadi Mahdavirad, Bahram Bakhtiari; Multi-criteria analysis of site selection for groundwater recharge with treated municipal wastewater. Water Sci Technol 11 August 2017; 76 (4): 909–919. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2017.273
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