Abstract

This paper studies the removal of crystal violet (CV) dye by electrocoagulation (EC) process using bipolar iron electrodes. Numerous operating parameters such as initial CV solution concentration, speed of agitation, number of electrodes, type and quantity of supporting electrolyte, temperature- and initial pH were investigated. A complete removal of 10 mg/L CV was achieved within 10 min at pH 7, 0.5 g NaCl, 1 LCV, 750 rpm, 9 sheets, 17.36 mAcm2, and 25 °C. The performed energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses confirmed the adsorption of CV onto the insoluble iron hydroxide flocs. Amongst the studied adsorption isotherms models, Langmuir and Dubinin–Radushkevich were the most applicable. The kinetic of adsorption of CV onto flocs during the EC operation was studied using the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticulate diffusion models, with results affirming that the adsorption process proceeded according to the pseudo-second-order model. The study of thermodynamic parameters (ΔG0, ΔH0, and ΔS0,) of the CV removal at different temperatures reflected the feasibility of the spontaneous randomness of endothermic adsorption, especially at lower temperatures. The multiple regression equation of the removal of CV by EC technique under the different studied conditions was predicted.

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