Antibiotic ciprofloxacin is one of the commonly used broad spectrum fluoroquinolone human and veterinary drugs. Because of the overuse of human beings, the presence of ciprofloxacin has been detected in a variety of environmental matrices. To solve this problem, a facile, environmentally-friendly Ag3PO4/AgBr composite photocatalyst was synthesized by a simple precipitation method at room temperature in the presence of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). CTAB was served as surfactant and the source of bromide ions. The as-prepared Ag3PO4/AgBr microspheres were characterized by means of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS). The results revealed that the Ag3PO4/AgBr sample (synthesized with CTAB, 0.8 g) exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity to the photodegradation rate of 96.36%. Moreover, mechanism detection experiment indicated that h+ was the major active species in the degradation process. So the enhanced photocatalytic activity of Ag3PO4/AgBr composites is attributed to its excellent separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs through Ag3PO4/AgBr heterojunction. Also, Ag3PO4/AgBr heterojunction has a lower band gap compared to pure Ag3PO4 and pure AgBr, so higher efficiency of light harvesting is equipped.