Countercurrent–cocurrent dissolved air flotation (CCDAF), the popular water purification device, which consists of collision and adhesion contact zones, showed favorable flotation conditions for micro-bubble adhesion and stability. In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical simulation was employed to confirm that the unique CCDAF configuration create reasonable and that the flow field characteristics were good no matter for single phase or gas–liquid two-phase conditions. In addition, the turbulence of the flow field was enhanced with the increasing influent load; the swirling was remarkably reduced with the increase of gas holdup. Meanwhile, a thick micro-bubble filter layer was formed in the separation zone, which favored bubble-flocs agglomerating and rising. The force analysis also showed that the cross section within the tank contribute to the uniformity of the bottom water collection as well as enlargement of the bottom outflow area, therefore improving the overall flotation performance. The simulation results revealed for the CCDAF process can provide technical guidance for engineering design and application.