Constantly, the odors coming from sewage plants are considered a problem by the population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbial community present in a full scale biofilter used for odor treatment. The filter was packed with peat. The main gas treated was hydrogen sulphide (H2S). The removal efficiency reached 99%, with an empty bed residence time of 30 seconds. Molecular analysis can enhance our understanding of the microbial communities in biofilters treating wastewater odor. The analysis made to characterize microbial community was High-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing analysis MiSeq® Illumina. The sampling, carried out in the year 2015, was seasonal (summer and winter) and spatial (depth and position in the biofilter). In this study, a total of 206,174 raw sequence reads for six samples were analyzed using Mothur software (v 1.33.3) based on MiSeq SOP protocol. After Mothur analysis, the results of the bacterial community were explored at the Phylum and Genus levels. In this study, the efficiency removal of hydrogen sulfide reached values greater than 99% during the monitoring, and the main bacterial genera found were Acidotermus, Telmatobacter, Methylovirgula and Bryobacter representing the bacterial community active in the transformation of H2S into a system with long operating time.