Abstract

In this study, hybrid beads, which are made by mixing persimmon leaf and chitosan, was used to remove Pb(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution. According to the Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR) analysis, the hybrid bead has a structure that enables the easy adsorption of heavy metals because it has carboxylic, carbonyl groups, O-H carboxylic acid, and bonded -OH groups. The adsorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) by hybrid beads was more suitable with the Langmuir isothermal adsorption and showed an ion exchange reaction which occurred in the uneven adsorption surface layer. The maximum adsorption capacity of Pb(II) and Cd(II) was determined to be 278.68 mg/g and 87.91 mg/g, respectively. Furthermore, the adsorption removal process of Pb(II) and Cd(II) using hybrid beads is a spontaneous exothermic reaction and the affinity of the adsorbed material for the adsorbent is excellent. Hybrid beads are inexpensive, have a high removal efficiency of heavy metals, and are environmentally friendly.

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