Abstract

Hybrid adsorbents (ES) were prepared with mixing of eggshell and sericite as binders, and Pb(II) was removed from aqueous solutions. Sericite has the advantage of not only serving as a binder for hybrid adsorbent but also having a negative charge on the surface to improve the removal efficiency of heavy metals. Various parameters affecting the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions were investigated using the optimal conditions derived. In addition, adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherms and thermodynamic analyses were performed using the experimental results of each parameter. The ES had a more specific surface area and porosity than sericite or eggshell and contained a large number of OH groups favoring heavy metal adsorption. As a result of the adsorption of Pb(II) using the ES, the adsorption process was physical and suitable for the Freundlich isotherm. In addition, the adsorption process of Pb(II) by the ES was a spontaneous endothermic reaction. The ES can quickly reach the adsorption equilibrium and strong adsorption strength. In addition, the CaOH contained in the ES can neutralize the pH of wastewater, and it is possible to treat heavy metal ions in industrial wastewater and acid mine wastewater without controlling the pH. ES adsorbents using waste eggshells are very economic because they recycle what would otherwise be waste and have great significance in terms of resource reuse.

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