Abstract

Residuals are responsible for the polluting load increase of soft drink industry wastewater due to their high sugar contents. The present work proposes an upstream segregation of residuals to be biologically treated by the bioconversion of their carbohydrates content into baker's yeast biomass. Carbonated soft drinks (CSD) and nectars and juices (NJ) ranges were considered. Different incorporation ratios of NJ in the CSD (0–75%) have been investigated for balanced growth medium. Despite the nitrogen deficiency of media, results showed that NJ incorporation promoted the microbial growth. Media containing more than 50% of NJ exhibited ∼25% sugar-biomass conversion rates. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the media exceeded 70% at the end of fermentation. Moreover, valuable components were recovered by yeast production. Nutrient consumption rates varied from 65.4% for sugar and calcium content to in excess of 99% for protein and other minerals. In order to investigate an available and low-cost source of nitrogen for yeast production, partial substitution of the soft drink growth medium by bactofugate whey was evaluated. The soft drink-whey mixture medium fermentation resulted in 63% COD removal rate after 28 h. Meanwhile, the biomass production yield revealed an improvement of about 25% compared to the balanced soft drink medium (NJ50).

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