Abstract

An inactive biomass of a new fungus recently discovered, Diaporthe schini, was evaluated for the biosorption of crystal violet (CV) in simulated textile effluents. The characterization assays were performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms. The influences of pH and biosorbent dosage on the biosorption capacity were evaluated. Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies were also carried out. Characterization techniques showed an amorphous biosorbent, with a rough surface containing irregular particles and surface area of 6.5 m2 g−1. The most adequate values of pH and biosorbent dosage were 7.5 and 0.4 g L−1, respectively. The Elovich kinetic model and the Sips equilibrium model were suitable to fit the experimental data. The biosorption capacity increased with temperature, reaching a maximum biosorption capacity of 642.3 mg g−1 at 328 K. The biosorption was a spontaneous and endothermic process. Diaporthe schini inactive biomass was an interesting biosorbent to treat colored effluents, presenting efficiency of 87% in the decolorization of a simulated dye house effluent.

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