Low intensity ultrasonication (US) was applied to stimulate the biological activities in anaerobic digestion (AD) process. The enhancement in methane production was used to investigate the sono-biostimulation effects on the process performance. The 32% higher CH4 production was observed over control at best US intensity and irradiation time of 0.0028 W/mL and 120 s, respectively. The sono-biostimulation effects in terms of higher CH4 generation over control lasted for 45 h. The increase in the concentration of NH4+-N and K+ considered the indication of cell lysis under applied US conditions. At best US intensity and irradiation time, the NH4+-N and K+ fraction in the medium remained similar as of control, which indicated that no cell lysis occurred. The preliminary findings of the study showed that low intensity US can be a promising solution to enhance the process efficiency in terms of higher methane production with minimal energy requirement.

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