The results of three years' starting-up period of the phased-recycled flocs system (contact process) treating citric acid factory wastewater are presented in the light of the process characterization approach. After the description of the system and starting-up studies, the reasons of and remedies for the problems of starting-up are discussed with emphasis laid on the biochemistry and microbiology, design and operation parameters,and environmental factors of the anaerobic process.
Skip Nav Destination
Research Article| September 01 1990
Starting-Up of a Full-Scale Two-Phase Contact Process Treating Citric Acid Wastewater
I. E. Gönenç;
Water Sci Technol (1990) 22 (9): 175–182.
I. E. Gönenç, M. Kerestecioǧlu; Starting-Up of a Full-Scale Two-Phase Contact Process Treating Citric Acid Wastewater. Water Sci Technol 1 September 1990; 22 (9): 175–182. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1990.0080
Download citation file: