In the Gemenc floodplain along the river Danube in Southern Hungary, six vegetation zones have been identified. Together with soil and geomorphological data, these vegetation zones are interpreted to form a hypothesis of succession for the Gemenc floodplain. As the Gemenc floodplain is comparable with the Dutch floodplains, from a hydrological, geomorphological and floristic point of view, the results can be used in plans for the rehabilitation of the floodplains of the river Rhine in the Netherlands.