Organic substances in the influent and in the effluent of a fixed bed biology located at a lubricating oil refinery were characterized by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Totals of hydrocarbons were 0.8 mg/l (influent) and 0.1 mg/l (effluent) indicating a biological removal of nearly 90% of the hydrocarbons. High temperature gas chromatography/high resolution mass spectrometry of 1,1,2-trichloro-trifluoro-ethane extracts revealed that monocycloalkanes were the major group of hydrocarbons in the influent (590 µg/l) as well as in the effluent (65 µg/l) of the biological stage. A small amount of the hydrocarbons in the influent were aromatic compounds (mainly alkyl benzenes and benzocycloalkanes) which were degraded in the bioreactor to a lower extent than the aliphatic compounds. In dichloromethane extracts of the 60-fold concentrated effluent of the biological stage only few organics were identified gas chromatographically. Besides 1-methyl-2-propyl-cyclohexane a couple of ethers and nitrogen-containing heterocycles were the main components detected in the dichloromethane extracts. The data presented here confirm that aerobic fixed bed biology is an efficient final treatment step for refinery wastewaters.
Identification of Trace Organics in a Treated Lubricating Oil Refinery Wastewater
I. Töws, G. Albers, H. Gulyas, H.-P. Eickhoff, M. Reich, I. Sekoulov; Identification of Trace Organics in a Treated Lubricating Oil Refinery Wastewater. Water Sci Technol 1 May 1994; 29 (9): 187–194. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1994.0476
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