Aqueous phase adsorption isotherms and adsorption rates are reviewed. Among numbers of isotherm equations, a combination of adsorption potential and solvophobic concept was applicable to interpreting adsorption equilibrium data obtained for agrochemicals on activated carbon fiber. Intraparticle diffusion becomes the rate-limiting step in liquid phase adsorption on granular activated carbons. Correlation of diffusion coefficients based on surface diffusion mechanisms is introduced. As topics related to adsorption, sediment water partition, biological activated carbon, removal of volatile organics and nutrient removal are briefly reviewed.