For a sustainable urban future, society must move towards the goal of efficient and appropriate water use. Reuse of domestic greywater and rainwater has a significant role to play in this task. In this study, rainfall time series have been used in conjunction with estimates of domestic water appliance usage generated by the Monte-Carlo simulation technique to predict long term system performance. Model results show that changes in the attributes of household occupancy, roof area, appliance type and storage volume affect the water saving efficiency of a single store reuse system. Considering greywater and rainwater in combination, the greatest rate of increase of efficiency with storage size occurs in the range 0-100 litres. Further analysis of small volume storage and reuse indicates that savings of up to 80% of the WC flush water can be made with less than 50 litres storage. However, the collection of rainwater in addition to greywater in a single store reuse system offers little improvement in water saving efficiency. Small volume domestic water reuse systems lend themselves to application in the urban housing environment and therefore offer potential in the move towards a more sustainable city.
Research Article|March 01 1999
Water saving potential of domestic water reuse systems using greywater and rainwater in combination
Water Sci Technol (1999) 39 (5): 25-32.
A. Dixon, D. Butler, A. Fewkes; Water saving potential of domestic water reuse systems using greywater and rainwater in combination. Water Sci Technol 1 March 1999; 39 (5): 25–32. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1999.0218
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